What is it and Why this Disease Attack Your Lawn?

Brown patch disease is the most destructive fungal disease caused by Rhizoctonia. This disease can affect the grass in both seasons, as it can attack a broad range of greens. It can completely destroy approximately all turf in just one night. It mainly hurts the grass blades. In sweltering summer days, when the temperature reaches between 65° to 80° (at the peak of humidity), it became the most active.
Excess water supply or rapid rain can cause fungal growth. This is the most common disease in the cold environment. In cold season this fungal disease can destroy the whole lawn.
The appearance of circle shaped brown patches all over the lawn is the indication of a fungal attack on the lawn. Attacked leaves retain the upright position. Brown border, irregular shape and tan coloured leaves are primary symptoms of this disease.

How to Get Rid of Brown Patch Disease:

Unnecessary water supply can be dangerous for the proper health of your lawn. But what should you do to get the fungal disease away from your lawn, if it has already occurred?

  • 1. First and foremost, professional help is paramount. Call some experienced and fully trained gardening services and get things done properly.
  • 2. Fungus loves water. So decrease the water supply.
  • 3. Mow the lawn at a recommended height.
  • 4. Properly fertilise your garden. The unhealthy and weak grass is highly prone to get attacked by fungus. Proper intake of potassium and nitrogen gives strength to the grass.
  • 5. Let the fertiliser do its job. Leaves will not restore to their actual condition immediately.
  • 6. Spray a high-quality fungicide all over the lawn. If the fungus has not grown much, then compost tea, baking soda or neem oil can also be sprayed on the lawn.
  • 7. If the condition remains out of hands, then calling some professional help is inevitable to restore the shape of your garden.

Lawn Care Tip according to Melbourne Weather

To be safe and free from any lawn diseases, you must always keep your lawn neat, clean and tidy. Not every day is the same day. Every month of every season demands a different kind of care to keep your healthy germ free. It is extremely necessary to keep your plants grow at the normal pace.
So here are some lawn care tips concerning Melbourne’s Weather.

For Summer Season?

Summer season in Australia is tough to safeguard the health of the lawn properly. You must make sure that lawn is ready to endure heat and high temperature. Here are some hacks to keep your lawn healthy in summers,

  • 1. Use of Wetting Agents: In hot summer days, wetting agents will keep the soil of the garden moist. Otherwise, the land becomes hard and water repellent.
  • 2. Create Deep Rooting System and water it well: To keep the balance of water in the roots and soil, a deep rooting system is highly beneficial. It helps the water to penetrate the soil. Thus water will remain stored for further use by the plant. It also decreases the chances of fungal growth, which may occur in the presence of excess water retention on the surface.
  • 3. Weed Sprays: You must hire some professional gardening services for lawn care, who spray fungicides, insecticides, and weed sprays. It is extremely necessary to keep your lawn away from any disease.
  • 4. Do not Fertilise Your Lawn: During intensely hot days, fertilising your lawn is not recommended, because fertiliser must be penetrated inside the soil through water and must not remain on the surface. So it must be thoroughly washed away from all the grass or leaves.

For Winter Season

In the winter season, keeping your lawn to grow and lush at the normal pace is quite a big task. But surely not impossible. Just follow some simple rules, and you’ll have a healthy and usually growing lawn.

  • 1. Decrease Watering: Less water will keep your lawn away from the fungal disease, and rotting off.
  • 2. Correct Fertilisation: Use high-quality fertilisers before the winter season. Then apply fertilisers again after eight weeks of winter’s commencement. Fertilisers must be loaded with a high value of iron. Do seek some professional help for right fertiliser recommendations. It is imperative to keep your lawn healthy.
  • 3. Winter Weed Spray: Broadleaf weeds grow tremendously in a winter season, while the ability of lawn to combat them decreases. For that matter, spray a good quality winter weed spray before winters.

When it comes to choosing the lighting for your wedding, it is ideal to keep your theme and venue firmly in mind. While lighting options can be very versatile, some are better suited to particular themes or can be styled in ways which best reflect those themes. For example, fairy lights are a popular choice, no matter the theme, but the way they are used to brighten the venue can make a difference to the effect of your chosen theme and overall atmosphere.


beach wedding

A beautiful beachside wedding involves using lighting to showcase the natural elements of your venue. Light for a beach wedding is highly dependent on the time of day the wedding is taking place. Of course, during the day you will have the beautiful natural radiance of the sun. The time surrounding sunset will be spectacular if your wedding transitions from day to night. Just before sunset reaches its conclusion, turn the lights on for a romantic transformation. Wondering where to get all those fairy lights? You can use a hiring service like Bespoke lighting to reduce costs of your wedding ceremony.

Tiki lights are an attractive option for a beach-themed wedding. They lend the feeling of having escaped to a tropical island and therefore have strong ties to a seaside theme in particular. They have the beauty of being low-key rather than glitzy and that is why they are ideal for a natural setting. Tiki lights are an excellent choice for lining the aisle in the sand.

Alternatively, you could use paper bag lights along the sand, but keep in mind these will give off light closer to the ground. A very pretty effect, but it depends how much light you require them to give off.

Cotton ball string lights can be strung to a tree and spanned out like an invisible tepee or marquee. If you have fair weather, this idea can be utilized instead of a ceremony arch, or on a larger scale as the main area for guests to mingle in. This is like having an open-air tent!


If your central theme for your wedding is a particular colour, you may choose to utilise that colour in table decorations and flowers, while keeping the lighting simple and neutral. Alternatively, you could keep the other decorations more neutral and use lighting to highlight your colour of choice. Or, go all out and make it all colourful! The best ways to incorporate your colour theme into the lighting are to opt for coloured bulbs or coloured light fixtures.

Coloured festoon lighting is a great way to highlight a particular colour as the theme of your wedding and if you also want to achieve a party or festival feel. However, keep in mind that this could pose a challenge for your photographer.

Paper lanterns in your choice of colour are a very pretty choice for a wedding. They create a playful and happy atmosphere for your guests. If you don’t want an overload of colour, you could alternate rows of coloured paper lanterns with white paper lanterns.

Using tealight candles on the tables in coloured glass jars or candle holders is a beautiful way to incorporate your theme colour into the lighting. This is a more understated option but can become the star feature of your table settings.

A very pretty way to add your theme colour to the lighting is to focus on how the lights are hung. You could hang tea light holders from their handles using strips of coloured chiffon or coloured ribbons. This looks especially delightful in an outdoor wedding and is no less pretty during the daytime, if your wedding transitions from day to night.


Rustic barn weddings are very popular now. Barns are such versatile venues and offer excellent features for decoration. The presence of rafters mean there is usually a considerable scope for imagination and many possibilities for where to hang the lights to enhance the ambience of your wedding.

Chandeliers or other larger, hanging lights are ideal to fill the cavernous roof space that is common to barns. The contrast of romantic lighting with the backdrop of a barn is enticing and makes the barn feel more intimate.

Hanging string lights down the walls emphasise the beautiful features and grains in the wood and lend a sense of the ethereal. You could also try wrapping them around the timber supports or the rafters.

Hurricane lamps with tealights can enhance that rustic feel in your table settings. They are an unexpected, and yet cosy form of lighting.
Industrial lighting is a great choice if that embodies your idea of the rustic theme, rather than the more romantic lighting options. It can provide an interesting contrast to pretty flower arrangements.


Having an outdoor bohemian wedding allows for a lot of flexibility when it comes to proper lighting. It is also a very popular choice because of the free-spirited ambience, the flexibility in wedding planning and the ability to arrange a marriage on a smaller budget.

A fire pit is beautifully bohemian and creates that relaxed campfire feel.

Lanterns are ideal for an outdoor wedding in many forms. Strings of white paper lanterns from trees create an ethereal atmosphere that draws the guests’ attention to the night sky. Using mismatched coloured glass lanterns hung from tree branches are festive and highlight the free-spirited nature of the bohemian.

On the tables, try putting floating candles in tall jars. You can also put flowers floating below the candles which beautifully enhances the effect.

If there is a pond at your venue, then you are very lucky! You can utilise floating lanterns. Whether in the form of lotus flowers or simple cube-shaped lanterns in white, floating lanterns can really transform the venue.

Fairy lights wound through trees is a classic lighting feature of outdoor weddings because of their prettiness and can be used in combination with any of the other lighting suggestions we have included here for an outdoor bohemian wedding.


If your wedding is glamour themed, look for the most glitz in your lighting fixtures. Pairing sparkles, gold or silver with simple white will create an elegant venue with plenty of wow-factor.

Glitter coated candles are a fabulous and striking addition to table settings, as the light from the candles reflects off the glitter.

Light drops with crystals hanging below them are a delicate way to achieve a glamorous feel through lighting.

Silver and gold candle holders are a simple and effective way to dress up your table settings without overwhelming your guests.

And now for the best of all glamorous lighting options, be tempted by gilded chandeliers. These draw the eye upward, creating an uplifting and graceful atmosphere for your guests. Try finding some vintage chandeliers from thrift stores for an old-world glamour feel.

As you can see, it is often about how you use the lighting to complement your theme, rather than being limited by just one or two options. Get creative and you will enjoy a beautifully-lit wedding.

Our children should be enabled to discover, wonder and explore everything in the human anatomy that appeals to their minds.

Without a solid basis in bioscience, how can our children be empowered to at least stay healthy? Scientific temperament should be kindled at the tender ages when the mind is like a parched land, ready and willing to absorb every drop of water that comes in.

Are we equipping our kids to understand their biological changes that are about to occur? Perhaps not!

In most nations across the world, primary education suffers many challenges. Some, or perhaps most of them, arise from the absence of political foresightedness and the will to usher in radical changes in the system. If major changes are to be introduced, it could potentially impact teachers who have been in service for several years. Many of them may need to be retrained to address the needs of a new system. Therefore, the first resistance to change comes from the teaching community.

Bioscience is one of those requirements that our kids need to take on future challenges, especially ones in relation to their bodies and health

Image of human anatomy

But, if our children are to be empowered to take on the challenges in today’s fiercely competitive and fast paced world, they must be scientifically empowered and there can be no two opinions about this. Rapid medical advances have impacted our lives, particularly in the last two decades or so. Even if that is the case, because of a vast number of bad habits developed by those who have no clue about biology, our health is still at risk. Most of the activities that we do on day to day basis can be done differently or in a better way if we have knowledge in biology; if we are aware how our bodies work. That is why we should encourage children should try and learn biology possibly from their primary school stage and a biology tutor can be of excellent help to initiate that.

Wide range of areas

Bioscience encompasses a wide range of areas. We can broadly classify them as life Zoology, Ethology, Entomology and Herpetology being the integrals. At the foundational level, however, the focus is to kindle the spirit of scientific inquiry in children. A student in the third or fourth year of his/her school cannot be expected to comprehend the huge world of bioscience in its totality. For an exhaustive treatise on scientific studies in Australia from the foundational level to year 10.

Importance of learning bioscience at the primary school years

Image of a studying boy

Between Foundation and Year 2, children learn about organising observations to reveal patterns and that those patterns can come in handy to predict about phenomena. This is also the period when students observe the human properties and behaviours they come across in everyday life and describe them. They start exploring changes around them including those that impact them like being sick and changes that can effect like sustaining injuries. They learn that getting answers to their question and observing forms the core of bioscience and use that knowledge to gather a wide range of information.

Observing, asking questions, describing changes in the events and objects are integral to scientific inquiry. Learning science also involves making predictions as well as describing relationship and patterns. Knowledge of bioscience also helps people in understanding the effect of their own actions. As mentioned early, biological knowledge helps in solving problems and arriving at personal as well as community decisions. Scientific understanding including theories and models can be contested and get refined from time to time through a review process designed by the scientific community.

Specialist biology teachers for the primary schools

Teaching as a profession is pretty much distanced from most other professions. In the first place, handling young children and particularly getting them interested in learning bioscience or science, in general, is no mean task. Teachers must be knowledgeable, devoted to the cause and be involved knowing that their actions today, contribute significantly to shaping the future of these children.

The hard fact, however, is that there are fewer specialist bioscience teachers than necessary. Further, depending on the size of the school, more than one specialist bioscience teacher will be needed. Add to this the fact that the school syllabus across Australia is not the same and differs from one state to the other. Since no government can ‘produce’ science teachers at will, the apathy towards desirable reforms will continue, and there will only be excuses galore.

Time demands primary schools face

The specific syllabus is given to the schools, and the teachers are required to complete the syllabus within an allotted time frame. But this time frame does not factor in excursions (which causes serious disruptions in Australian schools particularly), impromptu assemblies and other extracurricular activities. Cumulatively, these disruptions leave teachers to decide what they can chop off from the syllabus. This approach is even more pronounced in subjects that the teachers are least comfortable, and mathematics traditionally is the first subject to suffer because teachers are either underconfident or have limited knowledge of the content. Science is the next, for the same or similar reasons.

Where do all these leave our kids?

Image of a surprised kid

As we have seen from the above discussion, there are several causes to inadequate bioscience education in our primary schools. But, where does that leave our kids? Should systemic inadequacies and inefficiencies put our kids at a huge disadvantage when they become adults and find themselves oblivious of what is going on in their own bodies or common principles or nature?

Bioscience tutoring is a viable solution

As individuals, we can hardly influence systemic changes and yet have the compulsion to ensure that our kids get the best they can in terms of quality education. Thankfully, there is one viable solution and that bioscience tutoring. Perhaps, that is the only solution too. Bioscience tutoring is the perfect answer because the private tutors are better equipped to deliver what is required to put our kids ahead in the competition. They also have access to modern teaching aids and tools to make biology more absorbing and interesting for the kids. If you are an affected parent, it is the time that you take stock now and consider science tutoring seriously for your kids.